The Convention, in the extreme southeast of the country, has an exceptional location, for its ecotonic character between the Andean and Amazonian zones, not only explains an important part of its biological richness, but also much of its social and economic history. Quechua and various Amazonian ethnic groups have forged the special cultural and economic characteristics of its territory.TOURISM THE CONVENTION
TOURISM THE CONVENTION
ATTRACTIVE AND TOURISTIC PLACES OF THE PROVINCE OF LA CONVENCION
The province of La Convención is part of the department and region of Cusco. This is the largest of the region and is divided into ten districts such as: Santa Ana, Echarate, Huayopata, Maranura, Ocobamba, Quelloúno, Kimbiri, Santa Teresa, Vilcabamba and Pichari.
La Convención was created as a province on July 25, 1857. The history of its habitation dates back to many years before, when several Amazonian tribes lived in its territory, which the later Inca people tried to subdue. This province is important at a historical and mythical level because the dream of El Dorado arose from it, which is why different Spanish haciendas were built in the vicinity of the province. About tourism in La Convención, in the province there are places like:
(A) CHOQUEQUIRAO ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX:
Located in the district of Santa Teresa. This was discovered in 1768, although without major relevance. The complex would have been built by the Inca Pachacutec as it has many similarities with Machu Picchu, although there are scholars who believe that it is a later building to this mandate.
B) TOURISM IN THE ILLAPANI WATERFALL:
conformed by a group of precipitations that accompany a scenario populated of a charming vegetation.its popularity has made that the respective authorities, take charge of its maintenance, reason why at the moment it enjoys of good conservation state.to be able to accede to the Waterfall of Illapani, the visitor has to go first toward Quillabamba, from Quillabamba, it is possible to take some cab, that takes the visitors toward the place. For those who are more adventurous and like to enjoy the charms of nature and physical activity, there is the option of following the trail on foot. The trekking route to the waterfall can be completed in only 4 hours.
C) ARCHAEOLOGICAL CENTER OF HUAMANMARCA:
In Peru the traveler will be able to find an important number of archaeological sites to visit, one of these is the Archaeological Center of Huamanmarca, which is located in Cusco. The name of this complex is originated by the union of two Quechua words that translated into Spanish are understood as “Lands of the Hawk”. This archaeological complex is located in the district of Huayopata, located in the province of La Convención.
The Huamanmarca Complex was discovered in 1961 by Maria Rostorowski. According to the text in which she talks about this discovery, it was identified as a palace that was built by Inca Yupanqui during his government.
It is also known that this archaeological group of La Convención would have been known in colonial times with the name of Condormarca, and that it would have been an Inca administrative complex.
For the architectural remains found in the Archaeological Center of Huamanmarca, it can be said that this place, in addition to having an administrative purpose, had a religious purpose, a feature that accompanied the most important architectural complexes of the Incas. The importance of this place, at the time, is also supported by the type of design that presented the structures of Huamanmarca, where imperial style construction is observed.
D) SEVEN JARS:
Siete Tinajas, is an interesting natural resource that the traveler can find when visiting the district of Echarate, in the province of La Convención in Cusco. The name of this waterfall is due to the natural pools that time and nature have formed in the place, which total seven.
The charm of these pools, where it is possible to bathe and refresh oneself, is amplified by the mysterious and historical surroundings of the place. In the surroundings of 7 Tinajas, and in fact in the stones of the slope through which its waters rush, it is possible to find petroglyphs whose antiquity is still being studied.
Thanks to the popularity that this tourist attraction has had since its discovery, Siete Tinajas is in an excellent state of conservation. In addition, services have been set up within the resort to ensure the welfare of visitors, and also in charge of acting quickly in case of any unforeseen event at the resort.
Visits to the Siete Tinajas waterfall are allowed at any time of the year, although it should be noted that from October to May, the waterfall’s flow increases due to the rains of the season.
E) COCALMAYO HOT SPRINGS:
The Cocalmayo Hot Springs are also known as the Santa Teresa Baths. This tourist resource is located in the district of Santa Teresa, in the province of La Convención, in Cusco.
The thermal waters of Cocalmayo have three pools with a maximum temperature of 44ºC. The emanations from these pools are especially recommended for visitors with skin problems or bone pain.
These thermal baths are only 10 minutes by car from the city and thanks to their popularity, they have an adequate tourist infrastructure capable of attending visitors 24 hours a day, all year round. To enter the hot springs, it is necessary to pay S/.5.00 per ticket.
F) CORDILLERA BLANCA VILCABAMBA:
The Cordillera de Vilcabamba is a spectacular mountain range that is located between the regions of Cusco and Apurimac. And it is an important tourist attraction not only for the scenic beauty it exhibits, along with its ecological value, but also for the historical value, in relation to the Inca world, it presents.
The Cordillera de Vilcabamba covers an area of approximately one hundred meters, among which you can see snow-capped peaks that exceed 5,000 meters above sea level, the highest of which is the Salkantay at 6,271 meters above sea level.
In the site you can find important archaeological legacies such as Vitcos, Rosaspata and Vilcabamba, which are only possible to visit by practicing mountaineering and where it is speculated that the tomb of Manco Inca would be found. It should be said that the place has historical value because in its territory was formed one of the last Inca armies as resistance to Spanish expansion, an army that previously also had to face the tribes that had settled in the territory. An important Inca settlement located on Victoria Hill has been discovered on the site.
Ecologically, the Cordillera Vilcabamba has three distinguishable landscapes: first, alluvial; second, hilly; and third, montane. Within the arboreal richness of the Cordillera Vilcabamba, the forests between fogs stand out, in addition to rugged peaks.
G) PONGO DE MAINIQUE:
This is one of the natural treasures of the beautiful Cusco region, is the great canyon of the Pongo de Mainique, an entrance of the steep and rugged jungle eyebrow, towards the lush Amazon plain that, through its waters of the Urubamba River, you can appreciate its incomparable beauty, which is loaded with gigantic walls of vertical rocks, where large waterfalls and waterfalls flow, likewise abundant vegetation. Its mountains are part of the eastern chain, and it is there where it ends, to give the beginning to the Amazon plain, divided into two types of relief: the Upper Urubamba (mountains), and the Lower Urubamba (plain).
H) ROSASPATA (VITCOS) – VILCABAMBA:
The archaeological site of Vitcos is located on a hill from which there is a wide domain of the Vilcabamba valley is located approximately 2700 meters above sea level, has a temperate climate with marked periods of rain and drought. The monument is characterized by its beautiful stone constructions that are arranged around a large public space where the pink color of the walls stands out because of the coating that originally presented these walls, for this reason the locals give the name of Rosaspata to Vitcos.
The archaeological site of Vitcos has three visibly defined sectors: the first sector of Rosaspata or Vitcos. This in turn has three clearly defined sectors, the first is located in the main square which has 8 enclosures which are symmetrically distributed, a second sector which is located on the upper platform with a total of 14 enclosures, also has 4 small squares inside, and the third has an enclosure that is located in front of the first 4 mentioned. The second sector of the platforms in which there is a succession in a tower of 14 platforms, 3 the sector of Ñusta Hispana or Yurac Rumi, The archaeological site of Vitcos is surrounded by high mountains that since time immemorial are known as the tutelary Apus who have a great importance in the cosmovision of the Incas, The space in which it is located was oriented to the ritual ceremonies to the Apus, to the north side is the apu wiracochan, to the south side the Apu Pumasillo, to the east side the Apu Yanantin, and to the northeast side the Apu Izmaccoya. The archaeological site of Vitcos and the pre-Hispanic site of Espiritu Pampa were the two llactas from which the Incas of Vilcabamba ruled and put up firm resistance to the Spaniards.